Finally the mahouts decided the elephants has been scrubbed enough. A single command was enough to make this elephant lift its leg to aid the mahout in getting on its back.
I didn't see any of the mahouts beating the elephants like I saw when I went on an elephant safari in Kanha National Park in the 1990s, but I don't know what happens on the safaris in Dubare. I hope that violence is not used. These lovely animals deserve better.
Most of all I would like to see all Indian elephants being allowed their freedom, but human habitation encroaches more and more on their habitat as the Homo sapiens population grows and conflicts between humans and elephants are becoming more common. It may well be that in a not too distant future, places like Dubare will have become the last refuge of elephants in India, although I should like to hope that they have a brighter future ahead than that.